McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing team based at the McLaren Innovation Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best called a Formula One fabricator and likewise has a history of completing in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis builder, and has actually won the Canadian-American Obstacle Cup (Can-Am) cars racing championship. The team is the second earliest active, and 2nd most successful Formula One team after Ferrari, having actually won 182 races, Motorists' Championships and eight Fitters' Champions. The group is a wholly owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the team won its first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, however their biggest preliminary success was in Can-Am, which they dominated from 1967 to 1971. Additional American victory followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren automobiles for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren passed away in a testing accident in 1970, Teddy Mayer took over and led the team to their first Solution One Constructors' Champion in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Champion in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 likewise marked the start of an enduring sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren merged with Ron Dennis' Project Four Racing; Dennis took over as team principal and soon after organised a buyout of the initial McLaren investors to take complete control of the group. This started the group's most effective period: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took between them seven Drivers' Championships and the team took six Contractors' Championships. The combination of Prost and Senna was particularly dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- but later their rivalry soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English group Williams used the most constant difficulty throughout this period, the two winning every manufacturers' title between 1984 and 1994. Nevertheless, by the mid-1990s, Honda had actually withdrawn from Solution One, Senna had actually relocated to Williams, and the team went 3 seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and previous Williams designer Adrian Newey, more champions can be found in 1998 and 1999 with motorist Mika Häkkinen, and throughout the 2000s the group corresponded front-runners, chauffeur Lewis Hamilton taking their newest title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren team principal in 2009, handing over to long time McLaren employee Martin Whitmarsh. Nevertheless, at the end of 2013, after the group's worst season given that 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren revealed in 2013 that they would be utilizing Honda engines from 2015 onwards, changing Mercedes-Benz.
The group raced as McLaren Honda for the first time because 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren announced they had settled on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will go back to utilize Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season up until a minimum of 2024. After initially returning to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren announced in August 2019 that they would run in combination with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports beginning in 2020 to run the complete IndyCar Series, the combined entry being called Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works chauffeur for the British Formula One team Cooper with whom he had actually won 3 Grands Prix and come second in the 1960 World Championship. Wanting Additional info to compete in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his employers, however when group owner Charles Cooper insisted on using 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors permitted by the Tasman rules, Bruce chose to establish his own group to run him and his potential Solution One teammate Timmy Mayer with custom-built Cooper cars.